Femtoscopy and Fluctuations: Morning
- Laura Fabbietti (TUM)
Overview talk on femtoscopy in heavy ions
In a thermal system, fluctuations of particle yields are directly encoded in the equation of state of the system under the study. By measuring event-by-event fluctuations over an ensemble of events via cumulants or moments of particle multiplicity distributions, one can study the freeze-out conditions in heavy-ion collisions and clarify their relation to the QCD phase transition.
Femtoscopy is a method relating particle correlations to their emission source and interaction potential. Applying this technique to a small collision system, such as pp, has the advantage of probing the inner part of the interaction potential. In order to allow for an accurate determination of the correlation function for small sources, we have developed a new C++ analysis tool called...
The observation of a finite global polarization in agreement with
theoretical predictions has opened a new dimension in relativistic
heavy ion physics as well as in relativistic hydrodynamics, with
several intriguing connections to chiral and electromagnetic effects.
Very recent experimental observations seem to challenge the
hydrodynamic predictions. In this talk, the status of the theory...