Seminars/Colloquia

Seminar über Physik der Starken Wechselwirkung, "Cold and dense quark-matter constrained by massive neutron-stars "

by Dr. Yifan Song (TUM - Physics Department T39)

Europe/Berlin
PH 3344 (Seminarraum Theorie) (TUM, Physik-Department)

PH 3344 (Seminarraum Theorie)

TUM, Physik-Department

James-Franck-Str. 1, Garching
Description

Recent studies of the quark-matter equation of state constrained by neutron-star mass-radius measurements strongly supports a smooth, continuous crossover from nuclear matter to the possible quark matter at several times nuclear matter densities.  Aside from favoring quark-hadron continuity, the required stiffness of the equation of state also indicates strong diquark pairing and vector repulsion that are significantly stronger than the traditionally considered Fierz-transformed four-quark couplings in phenomenological quark models.

In this talk I will discuss how we can understand cold, dense quark matter in several aspects deeply related to those findings.  Firstly, I will talk about the realization of quark-hadron continuity from the perspective of the low-lying Nambu-Goldstone modes due to spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking by coexisting chiral and diquark condensates in quark matter. As density increases, they gradually evolve from $\bar qq$ modes into $\bar q\bar q qq$ modes with their properties (mass, decay constants and coupling to quarks) changing continuously.  Next, I will show that quark matter in a color-flavor-locked color superfluid can be described entirely in a manifestly gauge-invariant manner. Thus a theory of quarks interacting with collective mesonic modes and gluons can be completely transformed into a hadron-like theory, where gauge invariant baryon-like fermions interact through mesonic currents.  Lastly, I will discuss how we may begin to understand the strong vector repulsions in quark matter from non-perturbative gluon exchange, thus bridging the theories of sub-GeV QCD to quark matter inside neutron stars.

 

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